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      时间:2017-05-06 来源:英语广场

        【Abstract】The literary history of feminist utopian novels has always not been concerned by the literature circles and even excluded from the research field of serious feminist literature. From the perspective of feminist utopia, this paper elaborates the definition of utopia and feminist utopia, discusses the development and evolution of feminist utopian works and their influences on feminist utopian literature, points out the criticism and dissatisfaction with male-dominated culture in feminist utopian novels. Through the review and introspection of the living status of the female, the female humanistic care and ecological care are integrated as two new viewpoints of the research on feminist utopian works, so as to comprehensively know the development footprint of feminist utopian literature.
        【Key words】feminism; utopia; British and American literature
        Overview of feminist utopia
        (I) Utopia and feminist utopia
        The word “feminist utopia” first occurred in the 1980s. The feminist utopian novels refers to those revealing the feminist thoughts, reflecting the spirit of utopia and concerning the female and human future, with novel as the carrier. The feminist utopian works are called as utopian novel genre. The spirit of utopia is the soul for feminist writing and based on the reality and beyond the reality, which continuously pursues the pioneering spirit of ideal and represents the deepest desire of the female in each era. Its basis is the criticism and negation of bisexual order and also the affirmation and pursuit of ideal bisexual relations mode. Thus, it can be seen from the above that the feminist utopian novels criticize the patriarchal oppression and design the female and human future.
        (II) Development and evolution of feminist utopian literatures
        The feminist utopian literature emerged in the latter half of the 18th century and vigorously developed into utopian novel genre in the 1820s. From the history of western culture, the feminist utopian thoughts have been of long standing in the literature field. In conclusion,, the statement of early feminist utopian thoughts has been scattered, with limited scale.
        According to the relevant literature, the feminist utopian literature was first occurred in Plato’s Timaeus and elaborated in Plato’s Utopia. Utopia was also mentioned in Plutarch’s Lycurgue about the ideal description of Sparta. Besides, the legend of Atlantis inspired many utopian mythologies and the outline and recalling of “Golden Age” in Hesiod’s Theogony: Works and Days also belonged to early utopian works. The early representative classical works included Sarah Robinson Scott’s Temple of Thousand Years published in 1976, Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s Herland in the late 19th century and early 20th century, Maggie Piercy’s Woman on the Edge of Time and Monique Vertigo’s Guerrilla Girl in the 1960s.