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    3. 刊物名称:英语广场
    4. 国内刊号:CN 13-1298/G4
    5. 国际刊号:ISSN 1009-6426
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      时间:2017-07-08 来源:英语广场

        This paper compares two literary works from the perspectives of Biographical and Feminist Criticism approaches. They are Rebecca written by Daphne du Maurier and The Romantic written by Patricia Highsmith.
        Biographical Criticism
        According to Tim Gillespie, Biographical Criticism is a time-honored way to analyze literary works in light of the author’s life, which also provides new ways for one to rethink about literature outputs based on the author’s real experiences. Though the potential limitations of posing obstacles to one’s imagination and appreciation to the literature works exist, biographical criticism is commendably reflected in Rebecca and The Romantic.
        Loneliness: Authors and Woman Characters
        Born in an artistic family, Daphne du Maurier was deeply impressed by artistic edification. However, her disordered close relationship with a woman teacher, emotional entanglements with another woman and ambiguous relations with two men actors made it rather tough to identify her sexual orientation. In terms of the complex relationships, it can be said that Daphne was quite lonely all her life. Her loneliness was skillfully adopted by Daphne in her novel Rebecca. Same name with the novel, Rebecca was Maxim de Winter’s first wife. They got married purely in order to meet each other’s benefits instead of love and their marriage was of no meaning at all. For a long time, she was accustomed to be lost in the desire for vanity and pursuit of love affairs with other men, living an extravagant lifestyle and acting as a social butterfly in expensive clothes on the other hand show her inner loneliness and inanity. She never hesitated to show off her beauty. She once said to Mrs. Danvers that when she grew up, she would surely become a beautiful woman. She spent large amount of money on Manderley and changed it from a deserted place into a paradise.
        Similarly, the experience of Patricia Highsmith can be represented in The Romantic. She never married and spent the final years in an isolated house, in this case she was also lonely in her entire life. Thus, in The Romantic, Patricia shaped the role of Isabel Crane as such a lonely women. Isabel lost her father at the age of nineteen and her mother passed away a few years later. She also had lost contact with her old high-school friends. Imagination became the tool helping her get rid of loneliness. Therefore, fancy dates and imagined parties were responsible for her spirit consolation. The length of the sentences reflect the dialogue Isabel had with herself, an internal conversation that continued at all times, which perhaps helped to protect her from loneliness.“‘Hello, Willy. Sorry I’m late’ or ‘I’m sorry, Willy, but I don’t want to keep this date.’ ” (Highsmith,, 134) were the inner dialogue she had when she was hesitated whether to keep the date with the man who was sincerely inviting her for date.